Learning Approach: 3 types of learning behaviours

It is true if you do care for your education (knowledge) then more likely you will get less time to care about your grade. Both are different. How different? Because one is for achieving a certificate, another one is for personal knowledge and thoughts with proper exploration. To create a perfect realization we can try to understand three types of learning behaviors of students.

1. Surface Learner

Behavioural Symptoms:

  • Learn without a deep understanding
  • See studying as a requirement of the family/society that you must meet
  • The main goal is to acquire a qualification
  • See parts of learning tasks as unrelated to each other
  • Do not personally relate to the learning tasks

Outcomes

  • Have limited understanding
  • Logical arguments are not strong
  • Cannot recognize key ideas
  • Cannot distinguish between examples from principles
  • Not impossible to get a good grade on the exam

2. Achieving or Goal-Oriented Learner

Behavioural Symptoms:

  • Interested in getting high marks or achieving a target
  • Plan their study
  • Plan scheduled study times
  • Organized note-taking methods
  • Practice exam questions
  • Stick closely to the syllabus

Outcomes

  • Performing well on test and exams (generally)
  • Commonly not be able to form a deep understanding
  • Unable to find natural talent in a particular subject (mostly)

3. Deep Learner

Behavioural Symptoms:

  • Learn with the intention to understand
  • Relate previous knowledge to new knowledge
  • Integrate knowledge from different subject areas
  • Relate theoretical idea to everyday experiences
  • Distinguish between concepts and examples
  • Define own goals and pursue them

Outcomes

  • Have long term relation of knowledge
  • Improving the ability to apply knowledge to a new situation
  • An independent learner
  • Able to generate new meaning and novel ideas
  • Not directly or proportionally related to good grade
So, the significant difference between these three types is, surface learners want to get a passing grade, achieving learners want to get a good grade and deep learners to know the topic. An interesting observation is, seldom deep learners act like the surface learners in many cases because they do not like to concentrate on the topic which is not attractive for them.

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